Research Tips


Finding Maiden Names in Deeds
In the lower left-hand corner of most deeds, you will find signatures of two to four witnesses. The first one is always from the husband's side. The next one is always from the wife's side. This is to protect her 1/3 dower right under the law. Nothing you will ever use will give greater clues to maiden names than witnesses to old deeds.

Also, in the 1880s and before it was traditional when the daughter married, as part of her dowry, the father either covered the loan or carried the note for his son-in-law. If you know the husband's name, but not the wife's maiden name and you can find to whom they were making mortgage payments, about 70% of the time it was her father.
Judy Reeves


Types of Court Records from (soc.genealogy)
Rich Holmes wrote: Could anyone more familiar with the terminology of probate records, or even with these particular items, explain to me what the following are and under what circumstances they might be useful for genealogy?

Book of Dower--

This is probably relinquishments of dower. Dower is a woman's inherent interest in her husband's real property (1/3 in most places). A man couldn't sell his property without his wife giving up claim to it. Each time a married man sold land his wife had to "be separately examined" by a judge to see that she truly consented to the sale. The woman and her husband are named, but you might find her also named in the deed of sale anyway. Lack of a dower entry probably means he was single. BTW, a woman could inherit property from her father but it became her husband's automatically.

Letters of administration--

This has to do with estate settlements. If there was a will it named an executor to carry it out. If no will the court named an administrator to identify the assets of the deceased, settle claims against the estate, etc. The administrator was empowered under a letter of administration. I'm not sure but you may find executors there too. Administrators often had some tight relationship to the decedent. In some cases they were motivated to serve because they were owed money by the decedent.

Minutes, order and decrees--

Probate court is where the administrator/executor is named, the will is proven, settlement is made, property distributed, and so on. Court is held, people show up and talk, and records are kept. If these are probate court records you'll get date information, any juicy items relative to the estate settlement, naming of heirs, guardians, etc. In general, very useful. Probate files hold documents pertaining to a particular estate. These often have very useful information.
Steve Broyles, steve.broyles@teradyne.com


Submitted by Coppley Vickers
From: Randy Jones rjones@charweb.org
To: Multiple recipients of list <va-roots@vlinsvr.vsla.edu>
Date: Wednesday, June 03, 1998

QUIT RENT A rent paid by a freeman in lieu of services required under feudal custom. During the colonial period the land in Virginia belonged to the King with the exception of the Northern Neck, which belonged to the Proprietor (Lord Fairfax for many years). Although persons could claim the land, sell it, or keep it and pass it on to their heirs, they could hold it only if they paid a small annual quit-rent to the King (or to the Proprietor). If the quit-rent was not paid, the land was then reclaimed by the King (or the Proprietor), and could then be granted to another. This system existed until the Revolution.

This is from our genealogical dictionary at: http://www.charweb.org/gen/gendict.html
- Randy Jones


Posted by Lucy Vickers Grisham on http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec?htx=message&r=rw&p=surnames.vickers&m=697

Creation of Georgia Counties/B. Boynton Records

These records are for anyone interested in this area and these families.
Irwin County was created Dec. 15, 1818 from Creek cessions of Aug 9, 1814 and Jan22, 1818, so unless those people were living among the Indians they were not in Irwin Co. 1815. I have picked up some info on the Belotes but right at this moment can't find it. I have to go through plastic containers as I have all my genealogy stuff packed up to move out in case of hurricanes-am so tired of it.

Sis checked the early Gadsden Co. Court minutes but did not find the Yelvington name I thought I remembered. It might have been Leon so I will check some more on it.

Telfair was createdDec 10, 1807 from Wilkinson. Wilkinson was created May 11, 1803 from Creek cession of June 16, 1802 and Nov. 14, 1805. Date of last act was June 26, 1806. As soon as they could run the Indians out they created a new county and opened it for the lotteries. Early co. was created Dec. 15, 1818 from Creek session of Aug 9, 1814 and Appling was created Dec. 15, 1818 from creek cessions of Aug. 9,1814 and Jan 22, 1818. Georgia quickly opened these counties to get settlers in as quick as they could to protect the borders from the renegade Seminole indians who were going up in that area creating havoc.

Montgomery Co. was created 1793 from Washington, Laurens Dec 10, 1807 from Wilkinson, Pulaski Dec. 13, 1808 from Laurens. A lot of the people we are searching for likely never moved but were just shifted from county to county as they divided the land districts.

Some info has been published on St. George Parish which was what Burke Co. was originally. Jefferson Co. was created Feb. 20, 1796 from Burke and Warren Counties.Warren County was created Dec.19, 1793 from Columbia, Hancock, Richmond and Wilkes County.

The counties in Georgia are like those elsewhere you have to keep going back to a parent county and hoping you can find something there.

There was no Yelvington or Elvington on the 1805 Ga. Land lottery as a fortunate drawer or grantee. They might have signed up- do not have all those records. Martin Armstrong was a resident of Hancock Co. and a fortunate drawer in Wilkinson County, grant date 19 June 1806, Grant Book wiD3GB:231. Martin Armstrong fortunate drawer, resident of Hancock Co, got land in Wilkinson Co. District 4 date 19 June 1806, Grant Book WiD4GB:225 (Info from: 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, Fortunate Drawers and Grantees, compiled by Paul K. Graham 2004.) I did not see a Belote but an Alexander
Autree, Jr., resident of Clarke Co. got land in Wilkinson Co. District 5 26 Mar. 1806 Grant Book WiD5GB:142-and another one Alexander Awtry, Clarke Co. resident got a fractional 147 a. in Baldwin Co., Dist 5 1 Feb. 1806, FB:A 9 (which means Franctional Book A, p. 9) With them all getting 2 draws it sounds as if they were married men with families.

Just thought I would throw that in for whatever help it might be to you.

Jesse Roundtree's orphans of Burke co. got land in Baldwin Co., District 2 19 Mar 1806 BAD2GB 338. Co., a George Roundtree, res. of Montgomerywho got land in Wayne Co, Dist 2 but it was granted to a and Elijah H. Burritt 9 Dec. 1828; Moses Roundtree of Burke Co. got land 5 Feb 1806 in Baldwin, Dist 5, Grant Book Ba D5GB:147 ; William Roundtree, Jr. got land in Baldwin Co., Dist 1, grantee William Roundtree 19 Mar 1806 Ba D1GB:243.

About all above does is tell us that some of the people with the same names were in counties where Vickers people were.

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Kelly G. Vickers,  50 Trembly Bald Drive,  Toccoa, GA 30577

Phone 706-886-0012 Email kvickers@tfc.edu